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- 1 What impact did the conquest have on Aztec society?
- 2 What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?
- 3 Did the Aztecs sacrifice a princess?
- 4 Why did the Aztecs make human sacrifices to Huitzilopochtli quizlet?
- 5 How did the Aztecs treat conquered peoples quizlet?
- 6 How did the Aztecs empire fall?
- 7 How did the Incas treat conquered peoples?
- 8 What caused the Aztecs to fall?
- 9 Why did the Spanish conquered the Aztecs?
- 10 How did the Aztecs change the world?
- 11 Why did the Aztecs want a change in rulers?
- 12 Does Huitzilopochtli have a wife?
- 13 How were the Aztecs colonized?
- 14 Did Huitzilopochtli have a wife?
- 15 Who is the god of Aztecs?
- 16 What did conquered peoples do in Incan society?
- 17 How did the Incas control their empire?
- 18 Why did the Aztecs perform human sacrifice?
- 19 What accomplishments did the Incas achieve?
- 20 Why did conquered people rebel against Aztecs?
- 21 Why did the Aztecs engage in human sacrifice?
- 22 Why were the Aztecs defeated so easily?
- 23 Who conquered the Aztecs?
- 24 What did the Aztecs use to fight?
- 25 Did the Aztecs go extinct?
- 26 What did the Aztecs fear would happen every 52 years?
- 27 What did the Spanish conquistadors do?
- 28 How did the Aztecs become so powerful?
- 29 What were the Aztecs known for?
- 30 What did the Aztecs eat?
- 31 Who did the Conquistadors conquer?
- 32 What were the Aztecs achievements?
- 33 How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?
- 34 Who conquered the Aztecs and Incas?
- 35 How did the Aztecs choose their leaders?
- 36 What did the Aztec emperor do?
- 37 How many rulers did the Aztecs have?
- 38 What does the name Tenochtitlan mean?
- 39 Did the Aztecs have princesses?
- 40 What feathers did Aztecs use?
- 41 What does Quetzalcoatl name mean?
- 42 Why did the Aztecs sacrifice the Culhua chief’s daughter?
- 43 Who is the god of cacti?
- 44 What Aztec tattoos mean?
- 45 What is the god of death’s name?
- 46 Who is the Mexican god of death?
- 47 How did the Incas choose their leaders?
- 48 What were the Incas known for?
- 49 Who was the leader of the Incas when they were conquered?
- 50 How did the Incas manage their large and remote empire?
- 51 How did the Incas become so powerful?
- 52 How did the Inca Empire fall?
- 53 How did the Incas impact us today?
- 54 What happened to the Incas after they were conquered?
What impact did the conquest have on Aztec society?
The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, grains, and European farming practices. Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.
What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?
In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire. Cuauhtémoc, Cuitláhuac’s successor as emperor, was taken prisoner and later executed, and Cortés became the ruler of a vast Mexican empire.
Did the Aztecs sacrifice a princess?
The Aztecs killed the Princess and flayed her. In a following meeting with the Culhuacan chief, the Aztecs shamelessly have a priest dance wearing the flayed skin of the Chieftain’s daughter. Their sacrifice of the Culhuacan princess led the Aztecs to be driven out.
Why did the Aztecs make human sacrifices to Huitzilopochtli quizlet?
As they believed they owed everything to the gods(who created them), and the gods would repay them by giving a good season for the crops and good weather amongst other things.
How did the Aztecs treat conquered peoples quizlet?
How did the Aztecs treat people they conquered in war? Conquered people had to pay tributes to the emperor. Some people captured in war were used for human sacrifice.
How did the Aztecs empire fall?
Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés overthrew the Aztec Empire by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.
How did the Incas treat conquered peoples?
Advertisement. The Incas imposed their religion, administration, and even art on conquered peoples. The Incas imposed their religion, administration, and even art on conquered peoples, they extracted tribute, and even moved loyal populations (mitmaqs) to better integrate new territories into the empire.
What caused the Aztecs to fall?
Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish. The disease devastated the Aztec people, greatly reducing their population and killing an estimated half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants. One of those who died was the Aztec emperor Cuitláhuac.
Why did the Spanish conquered the Aztecs?
They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
How did the Aztecs change the world?
They grew maize, beans, tomatoes, pumpkins, chilis, etc. The Aztecs’ contributions to the modern world are extensive, from agricultural products to farming techniques to stunning art and architecture. GAZETTe: Let’s talk about the Aztec religion. Much has been said about the role of human sacrifice among Aztecs.
Why did the Aztecs want a change in rulers?
The people living under the Aztec rule wanted a change in rulers at the time the Europeans arrived because they simply weren’t getting anywhere with their civilization. The Spaniards were on their way by the year 1519 with advanced technology and weapons, while thE Aztecs were falling behind even on agriculture.
Does Huitzilopochtli have a wife?
Obeying the promptings of Huitzilopochtli’s priests, they had approached Achitometl, one of the Culhua magnates, asking for his beautiful daughter as their “sovereign” and “wife of Huitzilopochtli”*.
How were the Aztecs colonized?
In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico’s Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. The Aztec lands were renamed “New Spain” and the colonization process began.
Did Huitzilopochtli have a wife?
Her name is Yaocihuatl [War Woman]. She is my grandmother.
Who is the god of Aztecs?
Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle.
What did conquered peoples do in Incan society?
What did conquered peoples have to do in Incan society? They had to leave after giving up their belongings. They had to stay in large stone prisons for their lifetime. They became servants for the social elite in their homes.
How did the Incas control their empire?
The Incas conquered a vast territory using reciprocity or alliances. Once the Incas arrived in a new region they tried to establish a relationship with the tribe’s head. He offered gifts such as wool clothing, coca leaves and mullu (shell believed to be food for the Gods).
Why did the Aztecs perform human sacrifice?
Politically, human sacrifice was important in Aztec culture as a way to represent a social hierarchy between their own culture and the enemies surrounding their city. Additionally, it was a way to structure the society of the Aztec culture itself.
What accomplishments did the Incas achieve?
- Roads. Technically speaking, the Romans had already built the world’s first roads on the other side of the world, although the Incas didn’t know that. …
- A communications network. …
- An accounting system. …
- Terraces. …
- Freeze drying. …
- Brain surgery. …
- An effective government. …
- Rope bridges.
Why did conquered people rebel against Aztecs?
The Aztecs offered human blood from conquered people (enemies and prisoners) in worship to the sun. Why did conquered peoples rebel against the Aztecs? Conquered people rebelled against the Aztecs because they did not support human sacrifice and were religiously persecuted.
Why did the Aztecs engage in human sacrifice?
According to Aztec cosmology, the sun god Huitzilopochtli was waging a constant war against darkness, and if the darkness won, the world would end. The keep the sun moving across the sky and preserve their very lives, the Aztecs had to feed Huitzilopochtli with human hearts and blood.
Why were the Aztecs defeated so easily?
1 Answer. The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
Who conquered the Aztecs?
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army led by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) conquered Mexico from the Aztecs.
What did the Aztecs use to fight?
Battle. When the attacking and defending forces sighted each other, the first weapons used were projected weapons—atlatls or dart throwers, slings, spears and bow and arrows. When the armies closed into melee, razor-sharp obsidian clubs, swords and daggers were used.
Did the Aztecs go extinct?
When Europeans arrived in North America, they brought pathogens that natives were not immune to. Smallpox wiped out 5-8 million Aztecs shortly after the Spanish arrived in Mexico in 1519. But a different disease entirely is now suspected to have killed 15 million Aztecs, ending their society.
What did the Aztecs fear would happen every 52 years?
What did the Aztecs fear would happen every 52 years? What could be done to avoid that? They would extinguish religious fires and destroy furniture and belongings and go into mourning.
What did the Spanish conquistadors do?
The word conquistador comes from Spanish and means “he who conquers.” The conquistadors were those men who took up arms to conquer, subjugate, and convert native populations in the New World.
How did the Aztecs become so powerful?
War was the key factor in the Aztecs’ rise to power. The Aztecs built alliances, or partnerships, to build their empire. The Aztecs made the people they conquered pay tribute, or give them cotton, gold, or food. The Aztecs controlled a huge trade network.
What were the Aztecs known for?
The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, land, art, and architecture. They developed writing skills, a calendar system and also built temples and places of worship. They were also known for being fierce and unforgiving. To please their gods they sacrificed humans!
What did the Aztecs eat?
While the Aztecs ruled, they farmed large areas of land. Staples of their diet were maize, beans and squash. To these, they added chilies and tomatoes. They also harvested Acocils, an abundant crayfish-like creature found in Lake Texcoco, as well as Spirulina algae which they made into cakes.
Who did the Conquistadors conquer?
The two most famous conquistadors were Hernán Cortés who conquered the Aztec Empire and Francisco Pizarro who led the conquest of the Incan Empire. They were second cousins born in Extremadura, where many of the Spanish conquerors were born.
What were the Aztecs achievements?
Their engineering achievements include the construction of a double aqueduct, a massive dike, causeways and artificial islands. Among other things, the Aztecs had a number system, a calendar, great knowledge of medicine and a rich tradition in poetry.
How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
Who conquered the Aztecs and Incas?
In the early 1500s, Spanish forces sailed across the Pacific and conquered the Aztec and Incan civilizations, even though the invading armies were greatly outnumbered by the indigenous population.
How did the Aztecs choose their leaders?
New emperors were elected by a high council of four nobles who were related to the previous ruler. Emperors were usually chosen from among the brothers or sons of the deceased ruler.
What did the Aztec emperor do?
They primarily ruled over the Aztec Empire as a whole. For instance, the huey tlatoani oversaw the tribute system present in the Aztec Empire, the military and any wars that were carried out, and the expansion of the empire to new regions.
How many rulers did the Aztecs have?
Yes, the Aztecs had kings and queens. There were nine kings. The king was known as Tlahtoani which means ‘He who Speaks’ in Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Aztecs.
What does the name Tenochtitlan mean?
As one of the Aztec chiefs at the time of the founding of their city was called Tenoch, it is likely that from him was derived the name Tenochtitlan or ” Stone-cactus place.”
Did the Aztecs have princesses?
Chalchiuhnenetzin (“noble jade doll”; chal-cheeoo-neh-NEH-tseen) was an Aztec princess of Tenochtitlan, and a Queen consort of Tlatelolco by marriage to Moquihuix of Tlatelolco. She is foremost known in history for the famous legends about her lovers.
What feathers did Aztecs use?
In addition to the quetzal, especially precious feathers came from brightly-colored tropical birds such as the lovely cotinga, macaw, parrot, hummingbird, oropendula, emerald toucanet, and troupial. However, more common feathers of domesticated birds such as ducks and turkeys were also used.
What does Quetzalcoatl name mean?
Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon.
Why did the Aztecs sacrifice the Culhua chief’s daughter?
The sacrifice of the women recalled the story about how Toci came to be, when Actitometl, the leader of the Culhua people, had given his daughter in marriage to the Mexica leader, who promptly sacrificed her to Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, becoming Toci in the moment of her death.
Who is the god of cacti?
|Ethnic group||Aztec, (Mexica)|
|Parents||• Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl (Codex Zumarraga) • Mixcoatl and Coatlicue (Codex Florentine)|
What Aztec tattoos mean?
Aztec tattoos are authentic. They represent the social status of a warrior, shaman, or some other important entity in society. Additionally, Aztec people enjoyed tattoos as a mark of belonging in a specific group or tribe, while also being used to list accomplishments.
What is the god of death’s name?
Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep.
Who is the Mexican god of death?
Mictlantecuhtli, Aztec god of the dead, usually portrayed with a skull face. With his wife, Mictecacíhuatl, he ruled Mictlan, the underworld.
How did the Incas choose their leaders?
Although the Inca believed the Sapa to be the son of Inti (the Inca Sun god) and often referred to him as Intip Churin or ‘Son of the Sun,’ the position eventually became hereditary, with son succeeding father.
What were the Incas known for?
The Inca civilization is known for creating the largest empire ever seen in the Americas, their impressive agricultural techniques, and their art and architecture which uniquely combined geometrical stonework with the natural landscape.
Who was the leader of the Incas when they were conquered?
On November 16, 1532, Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer and conquistador, springs a trap on the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. With fewer than 200 men against several thousand, Pizarro lures Atahualpa to a feast in the emperor’s honor and then opens fire on the unarmed Incans.
How did the Incas manage their large and remote empire?
The Inca needed a sophisticated and organized government to maintain an empire this large. The Inca government was called the Tawantinsuyu. It was a monarchy ruled by a single leader called the Sapa Inca. Sapa Inca – The emperor or king of the Inca Empire was called the Sapa Inca, which means “sole ruler”.
How did the Incas become so powerful?
However, they did not truly become an expansive power until the eighth emperor, Viracocha Inca, took control in the early 15th century. Bolstered by the military capabilities of two uncles, Viracocha Inca defeated the Ayarmaca kingdom to the south and took over the Urubamba Valley.
How did the Inca Empire fall?
The main view is that the Inca were eventually defeated due to inferior weapons, ‘open battle’ tactics, disease, internal unrest, the bold tactics of the Spanish, and the capture of their emperor.
How did the Incas impact us today?
The Incas developed superb architecture and engineering techniques without the use of the wheel and modern tools. Their buildings have proved earthquake resistant for 500 years and today they serve as foundations for many buildings.
What happened to the Incas after they were conquered?
A few years after Atahualpa’s death and the securing of Inca lands for the Spanish empire, the conquest moved into the territory north of the Andes, into present-day Colombia and Venezuela.
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