How did Socrates defend himself?

Socrates begins his defense by acknowledging that many people have accused him of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” and of “making the worse into the stronger argument” and teaching these things to others (p. 26).

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Was Socrates defense successful?

Reading time 4 min
Death 399 BC
Cause of death Execution by forced suicide by poisoning
Era Ancient Greek philosophy

Why did Socrates refuse to defend himself?

In making his defense, Socrates did not attempt to prove that he was innocent of the charge of disbelief in the Athenian gods. Instead, he addressed himself to the larger implications involved in the so-called crimes of which he had been accused.

How does Socrates defend himself against the charge that he corrupts the youth?

Socrates begins his defense by acknowledging that many people have accused him of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” and of “making the worse into the stronger argument” and teaching these things to others (p. 26).

What was Socrates known for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

What was Socrates best defense in the apology?

Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the youth” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b).

What were Socrates main ideas?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What are Socrates main points in Apology?

Plato’s Apology has three parts. Socrates’s defense against the charges brought against him. Socrates’s offer of an alternative sentence, per Athenian legal tradition. Socrates’s response to his sentence and final remarks to the jury.

What kind of person was Socrates?

A legendary figure even in his own time, he was admired by his followers for his integrity, his self-mastery, his profound philosophical insight, and his great argumentative skill. He was the first Greek philosopher to seriously explore questions of ethics.

What are the 3 teachings of Socrates?

Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not

What is Socrates most famous statement?

The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

How do Socrates influence us to do ethics?

Socrates equated knowledge with virtue, which ultimately leads to ethical conduct. He believed that the only life worth living was one that was rigorously examined. He looked for principles and actions that were worth living by, creating an ethical base upon which decisions should be made.

How did Socrates influence behavior?

Socrates was one of the first people to encourage people to question what is right or wrong? He would ask questions to all of society to establish what was good and what was bad which would later shape the legal conducts in Western society.

What are 5 facts about Socrates?

  1. He was of middle economic status. …
  2. He made money from teaching. …
  3. No belief in religion. …
  4. He died by hemlock poisoning. …
  5. He did not leave any recorded teachings behind. …
  6. Famous teacher. …
  7. Know thyself.

What do you admire about Socrates?

He wasn’t just a thinker, he was a great citizen. A great human being. He lived those ideals of justice and courage and self-discipline and wisdom. It wasn’t an act.

How did Socrates understand a human person?

Socrates believed that the only life worth living is a life that is persistent in seeking good character. When a human character is weak, this correlates with a lack of knowledge or the lack of ability to allow knowledge to influence us. In Socrates’ view, knowledge and character are developmentally linked.

What is Socrates first principle?

1. First Principle, the ultimate goal: The ultimate goal is to create a virtue-concept that an individual could use to mold her character on in long-term self-cultivation, being assured that each step in such molding would make her a more admirable person.

What is the motto of Socrates?

Socrates’ motto was, “You have to know yourself before you can say something about yourself or about what you can know.” He asked people questions like: What is Wisdom?

What are the three golden words of Socrates?

SOCRATES: Well, then, if we cannot capture the good in one form, we will have to take hold of it in a conjunction of three: beauty, proportion and truth.

Does Socrates believe in God?

Did you know? Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.

What did Socrates say about patience?

Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet.”

Socrates, Nietzche and Aristotle.

What does Socrates mean when he says he knows nothing?

So what Socrates must have meant by claiming to know nothing is that he doesn’t know anything in that fantastic fashion, for absolutely, timelessly, and incorrigibly certain. But he knew this, so he did in fact know something. But this he knew in the sensible way, the way human beings know a great many things.

Did Socrates have 2 wives?

Later writers, such as Diogenes Laërtius who cite Aristotle as the earliest source, say that Socrates had a second wife called Myrto. Plutarch tells of a similar story, reporting that it comes from a work entitled On Good Birth, but he expresses doubt as to whether it was written by Aristotle.

What battles did Socrates fight in?

Socrates was a combat soldier during the Peloponnesian War. This aspect of his biography is rarely placed at the center of an account of the endur- ing interest of the life of this celebrated philosopher.

Who came first Socrates or Jesus?

So who were Socrates and Jesus? Socrates lived eight hundred miles apart from, four centuries earlier than and twice as long as Jesus. At his death in a prison cell in Athens in 399 BC, Socrates was seventy years old.

What did Socrates contribute to law?

Socrates´ thought of justice and obedience to laws is motivated by a will to avoid the destructive effects of Sophistic criticisms and theories of laws. He thus requires-against theories of natural law-an almost absolute obedience to the law, as far as this law respects the legal system of the city.

How does Socrates describe his character?

Socrates. The protagonist of The Apology, as well as all of Plato’s other dialogues. Socrates seems to be a very simple man, not having many material possessions and speaking in a plain, conversational manner. However, this seeming plainness is all a part of the ironic characteristic of Socrates’ method.

Was Socrates inductive or deductive?

Socrates represented a new era for philosophy, because he was the first to follow original thinking rather than common wisdom. He was the first to introduce inductive reasoning, which uses sets of critical questions to validate one’s premises and conclusions on which those are based off of.

Does Socrates use deductive reasoning?

For example, the inference from the premises “all men are mortal” and “Socrates is a man” to the conclusion “Socrates is mortal” is deductively valid. An argument is sound if it is valid and all its premises are true.

What is the inductive Socratic approach?

The Socratic method uses systematic questioning and inductive reasoning to help clients derive universal definitions. In psychotherapy, inductive reasoning can be based on enumerative generalizations, analogical comparisons, and eliminative causal reasoning.

Why is Socrates important today?

Socrates was one of the most prominent ancient Greek philosophers. Socrates spent the majority of his life asking questions, always in search of the truth. He is responsible for developing what is known as the Socratic method, a technique still used by professors in law schools today.

What did Socrates do all day?

Socrates died in Athens in 399 BC after a trial for impiety and the corruption of the young that lasted for only a day. He spent his last day in prison among friends and followers who offered him a route to escape, which he refused.

Did Socrates say you don’t know what you dont know?

Socrates himself was never recorded as having said this phrase, and scholars generally agree that Socrates only ever asserted that he believed that he knew nothing, having never claimed that he knew that he knew nothing.

Who first said patience is a virtue?

Patience is a virtue, a phrase believed to have originated from the poem “Piers Plowman,” written in 136O by English poet William Langland. Willie should only know the trouble I’ve had with that particular virtue.

Why is patience the greatest virtue?

To be patient means we don’t react mindlessly to minor irritations and inconveniences, it gives us the freedom to respond in a more kind and gentle way. Patience has been regarded as one the greatest of virtues in all religions and moral traditions.

Who said patience key?

It’s most commonly believed that the line originated from the poem, Piers Plowman, said to have been written around 1360 by English poet William Langland, about a man in search of faith.

What is the principle of golden mean?

The basic principle of the golden mean, laid down by Aristotle 2,500 years ago is moderation, or striving for a balance between extremes.

What is Socrates Golden?

Socrates. Socrates teaches that a man “must know how to choose the mean and avoid the extremes on either side, as far as possible.” In education, Socrates asks us to consider the effect of either an exclusive devotion to gymnastics or an exclusive devotion to music.

What does golden mean mean?

: the medium between extremes : moderation.

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