How did Pericles influence government and culture in Athens?

Pericles promoted the arts, literature, & philosophy & gave free reign to some of the most inspired writers, artists, & thinkers of his time. Pericles promoted the arts, literature, and philosophy and gave free rein to some of the most inspired writers, artists, and thinkers of his time.

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What was Pericles role in Athens?

Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.

Who was Pericles and how did he influence life in Athens?

Between 463 and 461, Pericles worked to prosecute and eventually ostracize Cimon for allegedly betraying Athens and emerged as the leader of Athens’ democratic party. In 454 he led a successful military campaign in Corinth and sponsored the establishment of Athenian colonies in Thrace and on the Black Sea coast.

What type of government was Pericles describing?

The type of government that Pericles was describing was a democracy. In his funeral oration he stated that “A men may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scale” (Document 3). In Athens, every free citizen had an equal opportunity to advance and to serve their country.

What was the most important accomplishment of Pericles?

Pericles’s most important accomplishment was making Athens a more democratic city-state by appointing people to positions based on their skill and abilities instead of their social class.

How did Pericles influence the culture in Athens?

Pericles promoted the arts, literature, & philosophy & gave free reign to some of the most inspired writers, artists, & thinkers of his time. Pericles promoted the arts, literature, and philosophy and gave free rein to some of the most inspired writers, artists, and thinkers of his time.

What were Pericles three goals for Athens?

that this period often is called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens.

How did Pericles contribute to Athenian greatness?

How did Pericles contribute to Athenian greatness? The economy thrived and the government became more democratic. How did the growth of the Athenian power lead to war?

Why do you think Pericles would call the Athens the school of Greece?

Why do you think pericles called Athens “the school for all Greece”? Many things were reformed/ things were refreshed. People had to learn new laws. What were the achievements of athenians during the Golden Age?

How did Pericles choose people in positions in the government in Athens?

How did Pericles choose people for positions in the government in Athens? Pericles chose people for positions by their abilities in the government of Athens, meaning that farmers and all classes were able to have a share in the government.

What were two Pericles main goals for Athens quizlet?

Pericles’ three main goals for Athens were to make Athens much more democratic through direct democracy. Another goal was to make Athens stronger by building up Athens’ navy. It became the strongest in the Mediterranean.

How does Pericles define democracy quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)

How does Pericles describe Athenian democracy? Democracy favors the majority of the people, not just a select few. It allows equal justice despite social class, and also extends freedom to ordinary lives.

In what specific ways does Pericles say Athens as the school for Hellas?

When Pericles says that Athens is the school of Hellas he means that it teaches all of greece by its example. He insisted that the greatness of the state is a function of the greatness of individualism. Athens life depends upon individual freedom and civic responsibility.

What was Hellenistic culture where and how did it originate?

The Hellenistic Age was a time when Greeks came in contact with outside people and their Hellenic, classic culture blended with cultures from Asia and Africa to create a blended culture. One man, Alexander, King of Macedonia, a Greek-speaker, is responsible for this blending of cultures.

Which era in art history does the creation of Parthenon fall?

The Parthenon is the centrepiece of a 5th-century-BCE building campaign on the Acropolis in Athens. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders.

What was Sparta’s government?


What is Hellenistic culture?

Hellenization, or Hellenism, refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E. One must think of the development of the eastern Mediterranean, really, in two major phases.

How did Pericles strengthen democracy?

To strengthen democracy, Pericles increased the number of public officials who were paid. Earlier in Athens, most positions were unpaid. This made it hard for less wealthy people to hold government jobs. Now even the poorest citizen could serve if elected.

How did Hellenism influence Judaism?

Jewish life in both Judea and the diaspora was influenced by the culture and language of Hellenism. The Greeks viewed Jewish culture favorably, while Hellenism gained adherents among the Jews.

What was Hellenistic culture quizlet?

What was Hellenistic culture? The blend of Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian cultures as a result of Alexander’s policies.

What cultures make up Hellenistic?

Greek (also called Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences, a blending which came to be known as Hellenistic culture. Alexandria in Egypt became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization.

How did the Hellenistic culture spread?

The first link in the chain was the spread of trade and culture around the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. From the eighth century BCE, Greeks and other people around the Mediterranean Sea connected their city-states together by sea travel and trade.

Why does Pericles feel the need to praise Athenian freedom and public?

Praise for the military of Athens

In his speech, Pericles states that he had been emphasising the greatness of Athens in order to convey that the citizens of Athens must continue to support the war, to show them that what they were fighting for was of the utmost importance.

How did Pericles improve the Athenian empire quizlet?

Pericles introduced direct democracy (citizens rule directly and not through representatives). How did these reforms impact Athenian democracy? These reforms meant that even the poor could serve if elected or chosen by lot because they would be paid.

How did Sparta’s government differ from Athens by 500 BCE?

Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times.

What about Athens makes it the school of Hellas?

It had monarchy in the beginning and later had developed into oligarchy. The age of Pericles is called as the Golden Age of Athens. During the time of Pericles, art, literature, science, philosophy and other fields of knowledge flourished. As a result of this Athens was called as The School of Hellas by Pericles.

Why was Doryphoros or Spear Bearer famous throughout the ancient world?

The Doryphoros, or Spear Bearer, was famous throughout the ancient world because it demonstrated Polyclitus’s treatise on proportion. Democracy was developed in the city of Sparta. The central subject of most Greek tragedies is conflict between individual and his or her community.

How does the Parthenon reflect Greek culture?

The Parthenon, as well as the frieze, were physical symbols of perfection and the ideal for the Greeks at the time, proving that when one achieved true perfection, they would attain power and status.

How has the Parthenon influenced Western civilization?

The Parthenon has continued to influence Western Civilization in its style, represented by large sets of columns, capitals, and pediments, as well as artistic renderings (currently known as the Elgin Marbles) that were later features not only on Roman temples and political buildings, but also on government buildings …

What was the government in ancient Athens?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

What life was like in Athens?

Ancient Athenians had to eat, of course as well. It was only natural that the majority of them made their living and put food on the table from farming. Citizens often owned land outside the city which provided their income. The Greek landscape and climate, however, made farming a difficult endeavor.

Why did Pericles build the Parthenon?

Who Built the Parthenon? The celebrated Greek statesman Pericles is credited with ordering the design and construction of the Parthenon as a temple for Athena—the goddess of wisdom, arts and literature and war—but it may not have been the first attempt to house the deity.

How was Athens government different from Sparta?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering.

Is government as an oligarchy a characteristic of Athens Sparta or both Athens Athens and Sparta Sparta?

Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy).

How did the Hellenistic world expand the impact of Greece culture?

The Hellenistic period was characterized by a new wave of Greek colonization which established Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa. This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, spanning as far as modern-day India.

How was the Hellenistic world multi cultural?

Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria

Greek (also known as Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influ- ences. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture. Koine (koy•NAY), the popular spoken language used in Hellenistic cities, was the direct result of cultural blending.

What made the Hellenistic culture unique?

What made Hellenistic culture unique? Because it was a blend of different groups of cultures. Alexander conquered these cultures and this was important because of all the cultures blended in with this culture.

How did Pericles help Athens?

He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to leave work and participate in the justice system. This expanded citizen participation in politics. Pericles also served as commander-in-chief of the Athenian army during the First Peloponnesian War.

How did Pericles improve the Athenian empire?

He maneuvered Athens to primacy over other league members, first by transferring the league’s treasury to Athens in 454 B.C. and then by imposing Athenian weights and measures on all league members three years later. The Delian League effectively became an Athenian empire.

How did Pericles strengthen the empire quizlet?

How did Pericles strengthen democracy? Increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries. Used direct democracy.

How did the Hellenistic kings spread Greek culture quizlet?

The Hellenistic Kings hired writers and poets to write about Greek history and culture. They wrote plays, tragedies, comedies, poems, and stories. Which Greek city is the center for Theater? Why were Greek Hellenistic artists so famous?

How did Greek sculpture and drama change during the Hellenistic era?

How did Greek sculpture and drama change during the Hellenistic Era? Sculptures became more realistic, showing people as they really are. Some dramas were written about ordinary people rather than about the gods. How are the sculptures of human figures different from those in the Golden Age of Greece?

What was one contribution made by Eratos?

What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? He computed the circumference of planet Earth.

How are Hellenic and Hellenistic culture similar and different?

Answer: Like most Greek art, Hellenic sculpture changed from idyllic, exuberant, and cheerful sensuality in marble statues and reliefs to more of a “commodity.” Hellenistic sculpture was more naturalistic and extravagant; with art being used to reflect wealth rather than personal taste.

What language did the Jesus speak?

Most religious scholars and historians agree with Pope Francis that the historical Jesus principally spoke a Galilean dialect of Aramaic. Through trade, invasions and conquest, the Aramaic language had spread far afield by the 7th century B.C., and would become the lingua franca in much of the Middle East.

What does Hanukkah celebrate?

Hanukkah, which means “dedication,” commemorates the miracle of light that occurred when Judah rededicated the Temple to the Hebrew god. According to the Talmud (one of Judaism’s holy texts), the Seleucids left only one intact vial of oil, just enough to light the Temple’s candelabrum for one day.

How did the Hellenistic empires revolutionize the art of warfare?

How did the Hellenistic empires affect the nature of warfare? Warfare became more professional as soldiers became trained, fl=ull-time employees of the kings who often gave them incentives to remain loyal.

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