How close did Scott get to the South Pole?

The expedition had both scientific and exploration objectives; the latter included a long journey south, in the direction of the South Pole. This march, undertaken by Scott, Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson, took them to a latitude of 82°17′S, about 530 miles (853 km) from the pole.

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Was Scott’s body ever found?

R. SCOTT. Scott died shortly afterwards, along with Edward Wilson and Henry Bowers. Their frozen bodies were found on the 12th November by a search party from Cape Evans.

How long did it take Scott to reach the South Pole?

After a two-month ordeal, the expedition of British explorer Robert Falcon Scott arrives at the South Pole only to find that Roald Amundsen, the Norwegian explorer, had preceded them by just over a month.

Which explorer died in Antarctica?

Robert Falcon Scott, (born June 6, 1868, Devonport, Devon, England—died c. March 29, 1912, Antarctica), British naval officer and explorer who led the famed ill-fated second expedition to reach the South Pole (1910–12).

Who was Scotts companion?

Edward Wilson

Survived tuberculosis and joined the Discovery expedition to sledge with Scott and Shackleton to beyond 82º South. He became Scott’s closest friend and confidant and, on return, spent five years working on a survey of grouse disease.

Did Scott ever reach South Pole?

Scott left his base camp with his team to the Pole on 1 November 1911. He finally reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, disappointed to learn that Amundsen had beaten him to it. The tortuous return journey was faced with stoicism and dignity.

What did Amundsen think of Scott?

Amundsen claimed that he thought Scott’s expedition was scientific only with the Pole being a side issue, despite Scott making a public announcement nearly a year earlier about an attempt on the Pole. Aims of the Expedition: To be the first party to reach the South Pole.

Why did Roald Amundsen go to the South Pole?

“If the expedition was to be saved … there was nothing left for me but to try and solve the last great problem—the South Pole”. Thus Amundsen decided to go south; the Arctic drift could wait “for a year or two” until the South Pole had been conquered. Amundsen did not publicise his change of plan.

Did Scott eat ponies?

In fact Scott took dogs, ponies and three “motor sledges”.

Did any of Scott’s expedition survive?

British Antarctic Expedition 1910-13 – Captain Robert Scott and four others tried to be the first to reach the South Pole, Roald Amundsen beat them by just over a month, while Amundsen and his men came back safely, Scott’s party all died on the return from the pole – what led to the death of Scott’s party?

What food did Ernest Shackleton take to Antarctica?

The men thought better than to question the dubious hygiene standards and scoffed the whole lot down after their surprisingly sumptuous meal of anchovies, turtle soup, mince pies (not sure whose mince, to be honest) and dried fruits.

Where is Scott’s diary?

Two of the original diaries are on view in the library’s treasures gallery at King’s Cross, London.

What happened to Ernest Shackleton?

Shackleton’s Early Death

He launched one more expedition to the Antarctic, but the Endurance veterans who rejoined him noticed he appeared weaker, more diffident, drained of the spirit that had kept them alive. On January 5, 1922, with the ship at South Georgia, he had a heart attack in his bunk, and died.

Did Shackleton make it to the South Pole?

He had reached 88°23′ south, only 97 miles from the Pole. The decision saved their lives but the three-month journey back to base was harrowing. On his return to Britain, Shackleton was hailed a national hero and knighted.

What nationality was Shackleton?


Why did Scott lose the race to the South Pole?

He had a lot of bad luck. The weather turned cold, which was the big thing, and half of the ponies that were crucial for bringing food down died early in a freak accident. The seals on the stores of fuel broke, and fuel leaked out, so they didn’t have enough fuel, which contributed to them freezing to death.

Did Roald Amundsen get married?

Amundsen never married, but had several relationships with married women, according to Klover. He has no known descendants.

Why did Scott fail and Amundsen succeed?

It was thanks to these experiences on board the Belgica that Amundsen understood how important it would be to constantly eat fresh meat when he set off for the south pole in 1911. “His diet was absolutely one of the key reasons he managed to beat Scott,” said Sancton. Scurvy ravaged Scott and his team in 1912.

Who died on Scott’s expedition?

17th February – Edgar Evans dies. 16th March – Captain Oates dies. 19th March – Final camp made, 11 miles from One Ton Depot. 23rd March – The last but one entry in Scott’s diary, all three remaining men are alive on this date.

How many dogs did Roald Amundsen take to the South Pole?

Mary Tahan’s new book Roald Amundsen’s Sled Dogs: The sledge dogs who helped discover the South Pole presents a comprehensive study on the 116 sled dogs Roald Amundsen took with him to conquer the South Pole in 1911.

What happened to Captain Scott?

What happened to Scott? Scott achieved his dream and reached the South Pole on 17–18 January 1912. The achievement was bittersweet as he discovered that Amundsen had got there first. The 800-mile journey back to their base camp was torturous, and all five of Scott’s party died from cold and hunger.

Did Roald Amundsen survive Antarctica?

Scott, in the meantime, had reached the South Pole on January 17, but on a difficult return journey he and all his men perished. Roald Amundsen at the South Pole, December 1911. With funds resulting from his Antarctic adventure, Amundsen established a successful shipping business.

Did Amundsen eat his dogs?

Amundsen ate his dogs

Dogs were not only the transportation plan for the Norwegian expedition, they were also part of the meal plan. As the load lightened, Amundsen’s men slowly eliminated unneeded dogs to provide fresh meat to the team (including the other dogs).

Is the Norwegian flag still at the South Pole?

The flags of all signatories of the Antarctic Treaty fly at the Ceremonial South Pole, including the United Kingdom, the United States, and Norway, above. The military plane in the background, an L-130 Hercules, ferries most people and supplies to the pole.

Who was the first to fly over the South Pole?

American explorer Richard Byrd and three companions make the first flight over the South Pole, flying from their base on the Ross Ice Shelf to the pole and back in 18 hours and 41 minutes. Richard Evelyn Byrd learned how to fly in the U.S. Navy and served as a pilot in World War I.

Who Discovered Antarctica?

The race to find Antarctica sparked competition to locate the South Pole—and stoked another rivalry. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen found it on December 14, 1911. Just over a month later, Robert Falcon Scott found it, too.

What was Scott’s last diary entry?

Scott wrote his last diary entry on 29 March 1912: “We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course, and the end cannot be far. It seems a pity, but I do not think I can write more.”

Was Ernest Shackleton’s ship found?

Battling sea ice and freezing temperatures, a team of explorers and researchers found Ernest Shackleton’s ship that sank in the Antarctic in 1915. Historic Moment: The discovery was announced on March 9. The wreck was located at the bottom of the Weddell Sea using undersea drones.

How long was Shackleton stranded?

To the world, he was the hero who rescued the crew of the Endurance with “not a man lost.” But Shackleton himself was haunted by the fate of the men of his expedition on the other side of Antarctica, stranded for more than two years.

Where is Shackleton’s grave?

Grytviken Cemetery, Grytviken

Who walked out of Scott’s tent?

Oates is a legend for walking from a tent into a blizzard with the words “I am just going outside, and may be some time” before sacrificing himself in an effort to save others in Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s doomed South Pole expedition. He died an unmarried virgin at the age of 32, according to biographies.

Is food free in Antarctica?

According to the treaty, nothing orignating from the continent can be eaten, which means no fishing, no foraging, and no feasting on seals. At McMurdo, the U.S. station where the majority of Antarctic researchers stay, delivery of dried and frozen food takes place just once a year, usually in January.

Did Ernest Shackleton have siblings?


How old is Ernest Shackleton now?

An enduring legacy. At around 2.50am on the morning of 5 January 1922, Sir Ernest Shackleton died in his cabin on board the exploration ship Quest, while it was anchored off South Georgia. He was 47 years old.

How did Shackleton’s crew survive on Elephant Island?

Once he had reached South Georgia, Shackleton made his way to the whaling station to get help for the men stranded on Elephant Island. The men left behind survived on a diet of penguin and seal, and their chief topic of conversation was food.

Did Shackleton survive his expedition?

Disaster struck when his ship, the Endurance, was crushed by ice. He and his crew drifted on sheets of ice for months until they reached Elephant Island. Shackleton eventually rescued his crew, all of whom survived the ordeal. He later died while setting out on another Antarctic expedition.

How long did it take Shackleton to rescue his crew?

Thankfully, Shackleton and his crew successfully – and miraculously – make it to South Georgia, and, following an historic crossing of the island in just 36 hours, a feat never accomplished before, Shackleton, Frank Worsley (captain) and Tom Crean (second officer) are able to arrive at Stromness, a whaling station on …

Where did Shackleton go after Elephant Island?

After several harrowing days at sea, the 28 men and three lifeboats land safely on Elephant Island. Shackleton moves camp seven miles to the west, to a spot that comes to be known as ‘Cape Wild‘—after Frank Wild, the crew member who discovered it.

What was Ernest Shackleton famous for?

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton is best known as a polar explorer who was associated with four expeditions exploring Antarctica, particularly the Trans-Antarctic (Endurance) Expedition (1914–16) that he led, which, although unsuccessful, became famous as a tale of remarkable perseverance and survival.

Why did Meares not meet Scott?

Meares clashed with Scott throughout the expedition. Meares refused to follow one of Scott’s orders during the Depot Journey regarding the retrieval one of the dog teams that had fallen into a crevasse.

Did they ever find Captain Oates?

He said Capt Oates, whose body was never found, was “an ordinary man who was made extraordinary by the circumstances he faced at the end of his life”. Capt Oates was born into a moneyed family, yet he is said to have had a self-effacing demeanour which made him popular with most of those he met.

Who owns or controls Antarctica?

Antarctica doesn’t belong to anyone. There is no single country that owns Antarctica. Instead, Antarctica is governed by a group of nations in a unique international partnership. The Antarctic Treaty, first signed on December 1, 1959, designates Antarctica as a continent devoted to peace and science.

What ship did Roald Amundsen sail to Antarctica?

In 1909, Amundsen began planning for a South Pole expedition. He left Norway in June 1910 on the ship Fram and reached Antarctica in January 1911.

Was Roald Amundsen German?

KERS. V. SUD POL’ (In honour of Roald Amundsen, the bold Norwegian discoverer of the South Pole from his German brethren).

Did Roald Amundsen go to the North Pole?

Norwegian-born Amundsen was the first person to sail through the North-West Passage, the first man to reach the South Pole and the first to take a transarctic flight across the North Pole.

How far did Amundsen travel to the South Pole?

At around 3pm on 14 December 1911, Amundsen raised the flag of Norway at the South Pole. He had reached the Pole a full 33 days before Captain Scott arrived. Amundsen and his crew returned to their base camp on 25 January 1912, 99 days and roughly 1400 nautical miles after their departure.

Why did Oates leave the tent?

Deeming his afflicted presence a burden too grave, to saddle his companions with, he crawled from the tent, to embrace death, and preserve their chances of survival without him. But the moment for Oates to relinquish his presence, to benefit the progression of Scott, Wilson and Bowers, had long since passed.

Where is Scott of the Antarctic buried?

Birth 6 Jun 1868 Plymouth, Plymouth Unitary Authority, Devon, England
Death 29 Mar 1912 (aged 43) Antarctica
Burial Buried or Lost at Sea, Specifically: Body frozen near the South Pole
Memorial ID 2791 · View Source

Why are huskies not allowed in Antarctica?

This ban was introduced because of concern that dogs might introduce diseases such as canine distemper that might be transferred to seals, and that they could break free and disturb or attack the wildlife.

How many dogs did Shackleton have?

2. There were 69 dogs on board and most were mixed breed, weighing about 100lbs each (big dogs). Each one was assigned to a member of the team, and each was lovingly (if strangely) named.

Do they still use sled dogs?

Sled dogs today are still used by some rural communities, especially in areas of Russia, Canada, and Alaska as well as much of Greenland. They are used for recreational purposes and racing events, such as the Iditarod Trail and the Yukon Quest.

Was Scott’s body ever found?

R. SCOTT. Scott died shortly afterwards, along with Edward Wilson and Henry Bowers. Their frozen bodies were found on the 12th November by a search party from Cape Evans.

Did any of Scott’s expedition survive?

British Antarctic Expedition 1910-13 – Captain Robert Scott and four others tried to be the first to reach the South Pole, Roald Amundsen beat them by just over a month, while Amundsen and his men came back safely, Scott’s party all died on the return from the pole – what led to the death of Scott’s party?

Which explorer died in Antarctica?

Robert Falcon Scott
Died c. 29 March 1912 (aged 43) Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1881–1912

Who went to the South Pole with Scott?

Edward Wilson

Born in Cheltenham, England, 1872. He studied natural sciences at Cambridge then medicine. Survived tuberculosis and joined the Discovery expedition to sledge with Scott and Shackleton to beyond 82º South.

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